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Title: Catastrophic disruption of layered ice-silicate bodies
Author: Lightwing, Andrew
Awarding Body: University of Kent
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2011
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Large icy Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) such as Pluto have observed densities on the order of 1.8 - 2.0 g cm-3. This indicates that they are made up of some combination of ice and silicate material; their size further implies that they will possess a differentiated structure with ice dominating towards the surface and silicate material dominating towards the core. A series of impact experiments using the University of Kent's light gas gun have been carried out in order to determine the impact strength of spherical layered ice-silicate targets that reflect the suspected structure of these bodies. Impacts are also carried out on unlayered ice-silicate targets and pure ice targets for the purposes of comparison. Impact velocities ranged from 1 to 7 km S-1 using a range of projectile sizes and materials including stainless steel, titanium, aluminium and copper. Data from previous work undertaken at the University of Kent is incorporated in order to provide a more complete picture of target behaviour.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available