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Title: Reframing Chilean social care for children
Author: Munoz, Carolina
ISNI:       0000 0004 5346 6074
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2014
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This thesis explores the implementation of a rights-based policy for children in Chile by examining progress within two programs: rights protection and juvenile imprisonment. By applying a combination of organisational and institutional theories, and relying on multiple sites, case-based, qualitative method, this study explores how organizational and cultural dimensions interact to support or hinder this fundamental shift in the framework for children’s policy. Findings showed the role of power as the major device affecting the implementation process. Structural power in organisational arrangements unveiled a prevalent model of top-down implementation, marked by patronage and symbolic implementation. Institutional power exerted in the cultural and normative Chilean context showed a persistent hierarchical society infused with conservative beliefs based in dichotomous conceptions of people. This resulted in policy implementers distinguishing strongly between those they considered worthy or not worthy, good or bad, service provider or user, either or, with no room for overlap and little appreciation of difference as a positive societal feature. Interplay between organisational and cultural variables evidenced the strong legacy of deep-rooted understandings of the place of child care services in family life. Until this legacy can be effectively challenged, the implementation of a rights-based approach will remain partial and ineffective.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: F1201 Latin America (General) ; HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform ; HQ The family. Marriage. Woman