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Title: Processing of organic waste by catalytic supercritical water gasification
Author: Tapah, Boris Fotso
ISNI:       0000 0004 5346 4298
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2014
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The results of the degradation of glycerol in supercritical water show that conversion of pure glycerol (58 % at 550 \(^0\)C) without a catalyst can be achieved, but complete conversion of pure glycerol over Fe\(_2\)O\(_3\)+Cr\(_2\)O\(_3\) or Fe\(_3\)O\(_4\) catalysts (at 550\(^0\)C, 250 barg, <15 wt% feed concentration, 10.1 g and 4 mm catalyst particles) can be reached. Crude glycerol conversion decreases from 100 to 67 mole% and 100 to 74 mole% over the same catalysts and conditions. Hydrogen yield was as high as 61 mole% and 49 mole % when crude glycerol was gasified over Fe\(_3\)O\(_4\) and Fe\(_2\)O\(_3\)+Cr\(_2\)O\(_3\), respectively. 64 mole% of syngas was obtained with minimum 4:1 mole ratio of H\(_2\):CO. Hydrocarbon yields (69 mole% for ethylene and 22 mole% for methane) were obtained and this decreased with temperature as resulted of thermal cracking. Small amounts of char (<3.1 wt%) and carbon deposition on the catalyst surface and inside the reactor wall was observed. Prolonged exposure of Fe\(_2\)O\(_3\)+Cr\(_2\)O\(_3\) to 172 h on-stream under supercritical conditions resulted in fragmentation of the surface from metal sintering, which reduced activity for H\(_2\) production. 42 mole% of hydrogen was obtained from 2 wt% digestate gasification at the same conditions.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering