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Title: The structure and dynamics of fundamental glasses by neutron scattering techniques
Author: Whittaker, Dean A. J.
Awarding Body: University of Bath
Current Institution: University of Bath
Date of Award: 2012
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The method of isotope substitution in neutron spectroscopy is introduced to measure for the rst time the partial vibrational density of states of two network glass forming systems, namely GeSe2 at temperatures of 5, 20 and 292 K and GeO2 at a temperature of 10 K. This work included the development of a new data analysis procedure involving corrections for e.g. beam attenuation, multiple scattering and multiple phonon scattering. The measurements were made using the MARI and MERLIN spectrometers at the ISIS pulsed neutron source where measurements of the elastic lines were used to help deduce the mean squared atomic displacements and Debye-Waller factors. In the case of GeSe2, the latter were found as a function of temperature between 10 and 280 K. The results for GeSe2 glass at temperatures of 5, 20, and 292 K were found to be in good agreement, proving the ecacy of the data correction procedure. For both GeSe2 and GeO2, the results were interpreted with the aid of molecular dynamics simulations to identify the energies corresponding to rocking, bending and stretching motions. The method of in situ high pressure neutron diraction was developed using double toroid sintered diamond anvils in a Paris-Edinburgh press to measure, for the rst time, reliable diraction patterns for GeO2, SiO2 and B2O3 glasses at pressures up to 17.5 GPa. The total pair distribution functions were obtained, allowing the nearest neighbour Ge-O, Si-O or B-O coordination numbers and bond distances to be calculated. The glass networks collapse by two principal mechanisms. The rst mechanism, at lower pressures, involves a rearrangement of the structural motifs on an intermediate range length scale. The second mechanism, above thresholds in pressure of 5, 20 and 9 GPa for GeO2, SiO2 and B2O3, respectively, involves a change in the nature of the structural motifs.
Supervisor: Salmon, Philip Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: vibrational dynamics ; neutron scattering