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Title: Can current models of posttraumatic stress be used to understand postnatal stress? a qualitative study exploring childbirth experiences in new mothers
Author: Iles, Jane
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University of London
Date of Award: 2011
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Research suggests 1-6% of women experience postnatal posttraumatic stress following traumatic labour and childbirth (Bailham & Joseph, 2003). Theoretical cognitive models have been developed to explain, understand and treat general posttraumatic stress. However, it remains unknown whether these models are applicable to postnatal posttraumatic stress, or whether factors specific to the postnatal period are more relevant. The study aimed to use a qualitative grounded theory design to explore women's experiences of pregnancy, labour, birth and the postpartum, following a traumatic labour and childbirth. The study aimed to compare experiences of mothers with and without posttraurnatic stress to develop understanding into differences and similarities between these two groups. It was also aimed to develop a theoretical model of postnatal posttraumatic stress. First-time mothers who gave birth within the previous fifteen months were recruited via intemet support groups and websites, and completed a screening questionnaire. Using grounded theory methodology twelve mothers were interviewed about their experiences, in two groups: (1) mothers reporting full symptoms of posttraurnatic stress, (2) mothers reporting partial symptoms. The interviews were coded to develop a theoretical model. Although there were similarities between the two groups, differences emerged highlighting possible risk and protective factors. 3
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available