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Title: Physical activity among black and minority ethnic groups in Scotland
Author: Koshoedo, Sejlo A.
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2013
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Introduction: The higher risk of non-communicable diseases among Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups is associated in part with the low physical activity levels. This means that the increasing BME population in the UK could lead to an increase in the burden of diseases due to physical inactivity. This study aimed to explore the reasons for less participation in physical activity by BME groups living in Scotland. Methods This thesis comprises mixed methods: a systematic review of barriers to engaging in physical activity among BME groups in UK; and, a qualitative study including six focus groups to explore individuals from BME group's perceptions, attitudes, knowledge, barriers, motives, preferences and opportunities about physical activity. Participants in the qualitative study included men and women, aged 25 to 40, from African, Caribbean, Indian and Nepalese communities in Aberdeen. The focus groups were recorded, transcribed, and analysed using the Framework Analysis. Results: Fourteen primary studies conducted in the UK were included in the systematic review. The meta-ethnography identified barriers to physical activity among BME groups at individual, community and organisational levels. The focus group study included 49 BME individuals living in Scotland. The reasons for less participation in physical activity were attributed to a wide range of factors including: individual and collective perception of physical activity and health beliefs; barriers; motives; and preferences. The overall findings from the mixed methods provide completeness of data to contributing factors to low physical activity among BME groups. Both studies reinforced perception rather than actual experience of barriers to physical activity among BME groups. This indicates a theoretical construct to adapt in studying behaviour of BME individuals toward physical activity. The research also adds to the knowledge that many of factors were shaped by migration history and socio-cultural background from the country of origin. Conclusion: There is recognition of social, cultural and environmental influence on physical activity behaviour of BME groups. While the burden of physical inactivity is prominent among BME groups, there is need to consider appropriate strategies adapted to BME groups that would in turn lead to behavioural changes and successful interventions. Beyond the understanding of practical barriers to physical activity, interventions need to adapt conceptual understanding of physical activity of BME individuals at individual, community and organisational levels to address the barriers identified in this thesis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available