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Title: 'To be Doers of what you have been Hearers' : the politics and religion of the town governors of Ipswich c.1635 - c.1665
Author: Heavens, Deirdre
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2012
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Following the Reformation, the foundations for the godly community in Ipswich were laid when eleven of the town's twelve parishes became impropriations, with several directly in the control of their parishioners. This control of the clergy by their lay community enabled the Ipswich Corporation to take a more dynamic role in maintaining moral and religious order within the town. Their efforts were further enhanced by the appointment of a succession of town preachers, of whom Samuel Ward who held the office in the early seventeenth century was the exemplar. However, the religious policies of King Charles I, aggressively enforced in Suffolk by Bishop Matthew Wren, brought the Ipswich Corporation and Ward into conflict with both the Crown and religious authorities during the 1630s. This thesis considers to what extent the religious dissent in the 1630s sowed the seeds of a politicization that led the Corporation to support Parliament through the 1640s. It draws throughout on a study of the Cursus Honorum of the Corporation - the ladder of political advancement through which men progressed in the various offices of town government. To recover the politics of the Corporation, the thesis examines a series of key political moments: in the 1630s, the religious riots that took place within Ipswich as well as the 'attacks' that the Corporation faced upon its charter and liberties during the late 1630s; in the 1640s, the elections to the Short and Long Parliaments are considered and the town governors' reactions to the outbreak of the civil war; and their aftermath in the later 1640s and 1650s. The thesis concludes with the Corporation's experiences at the restoration of the monarchy in 1660.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available