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Title: Migrants in Ho Chi Minh city: theorising migrant social exclusion as a consequence of globalisation
Author: Nguyen, Tam Giang
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University of London
Date of Award: 2006
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From a native researcher's perspective, the thesis shows that although not acknowledged officially, migrant social exclusion does exist in the city in nominally communist Vietnam in a period of capitalist globalisation. Migrant social exclusion has three major inter-related dimensions, namely vulnerability, morality and legality, which are both characteristics and causes of their exclusion. Credentialism, exploitation and de-networking are important concepts that characterise the vulnerability of socially excluded migrants. Morally, they are excluded from a number of fundamental human rights. Legally, they are considered outsiders in both urban policies and services, which results from their exclusion from urban citizenship. Furthermore, migrant children are excluded from two distinctive rights for them, namely those to protection and development. Together, the dimensions constitute a theoretical framework for analysing this issue in Vietnam's major cities. Migrant social exclusion requires us to rethink the effects of capitalism on new social groups in transitional cities.l In particular, it has changed the focus of capitalist effects from the conventional Marxist critique of exploitation to social exclusion. Social exclusion is a negative thing for both the people excluded and the society in which they are residing. Migrant social exclusion indicates one of the negative impacts on social solidarity and unity, the core values that Vietnam has been proud to possess and know how to employ for its war victories. Importantly, after the two revolutions, and the market reform under the pressures of globalisation, the social development in modern Vietnam is regressive. The market reform has brought back to the city a stratified society where people increasingly tend to belong to different social groups with different statuses, interests and concerns. Regarding future directions, it is essential to affirm that migrants have fundamental human and legal rights to claim in cities for them and their families. To facilitate their inclusion, policies are required to pay attention to the inclusive role of universal citizenship, the facilitating role of policy and institutions and the protective role of participatory democracy. I Transitional cities refer to those that are transiting from a state planning system to a market mechanism in post-communist countries. 3
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available