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Title: Computational methods for processing ground penetrating radar data
Author: Bostanudin, Nurul Jihan Farhah
Awarding Body: University of Portsmouth
Current Institution: University of Portsmouth
Date of Award: 2013
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The aim of this work was to investigate signal processing and analysis techniques for Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and its use in civil engineering and construction industry. GPR is the general term applied to techniques which employ radio waves, typically in the Mega Hertz and Giga Hertz range, to map structures and features buried in the ground or in manmade structures. GPR measurements can suffer from large amount of noise. This is primarily caused by interference from other radio-wave-emitting devices (e.g., cell phones, radios, etc.) that are present in the surrounding area of the GPR system during data collection. In addition to noise, presence of clutter – reflections from other non-target objects buried underground in the vicinity of the target can make GPR measurement difficult to understand and interpret, even for the skilled human, GPR analysts. This thesis is concerned with the improvements and processes that can be applied to GPR data in order to enhance target detection and characterisation process particularly with multivariate signal processing techniques. Those primarily include Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Independent Component Analysis (ICA). Both techniques have been investigated, implemented and compared regarding their abilities to separate the target originating signals from the noise and clutter type signals present in the data. Combination of PCA and ICA (SVDPICA) and two-dimensional PCA (2DPCA) are the specific approaches adopted and further developed in this work. Ability of those methods to reduce the amount of clutter and unwanted signals present in GPR data have been investigated and reported in this thesis, suggesting that their use in automated analysis of GPR images is a possibility. Further analysis carried out in this work concentrated on analysing the performance of developed multivariate signal processing techniques and at the same time investigating the possibility of identifying and characterising the features of interest in pre-processed GPR images. The driving idea behind this part of work was to extract the resonant modes present in the individual traces of each GPR image and to use properties of those poles to characterise target. Three related but different methods have been implemented and applied in this work – Extended Prony, Linear Prediction Singular Value Decomposition and Matrix Pencil methods. In addition to these approaches, PCA technique has been used to reduce dimensionality of extracted traces and to compare signals measured in various experimental setups. Performance analysis shows that Matrix Pencil offers the best results.
Supervisor: Vuksanovic, Branislav ; Hewitt, Alan ; Gremont, Boris Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Civil Engineering ; Electronic and Computer Engineering