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Title: Presumed consent and attitude towards organ donation
Author: McGlade, Donal Gavin
Awarding Body: University of Ulster
Current Institution: Ulster University
Date of Award: 2012
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This thesis explores the opinions and attitudes of health care (pre-registered nurses, post-registered nurses and medical students) and non-health related students (computing students) to determine the factors that influence their support of the organ donation and transplantation system and the factors that influence their willingness to register consent as an eye (cornea) donor. The research study was conducted in two separate but related stages. The use of a quantitative questionnaire was employed to investigate the opinions and attitudes of pre-registered nurses towards organ donation and to determine whether any regional variation exists (n = 667); to determine whether the opinions and attitudes of pre- registered nurses (n = 667) differ among post-registered nurses (n= 62), medical students (n = 55) and computing students (n = 102); and to determine whether the opinions and attitudes of pre-registered nurses change with further education on organ donation (n = 100). Generally speaking, the findings demonstrate that opinions and attitudes differ depending upon the region sampled, the student's background and their level of exposure to further education. The second stage comprised of a qualitative questionnaire that identified commonly held beliefs about the advantages and disadvantages, those people who would approve and disapprove, and motivating factors and barriers that relate to registering consent as an eye (cornea) donor among pre-registered nurses based in Northern Ireland (n = 38). A theory of planned behaviour framework guided the investigation into the identification of factors that influence registering consent to donate eyes (cornea) among pre-registered nurses based in Northern Ireland (n = 92). The results provide support for the theory of planned behaviour and demonstrate that attitude was the strongest predictor of intention to register consent, with the predictive ability of subjective norm and perceived behavioural control varying depending upon the TPB model used. The research study presents six findings overall and demonstrates the complex issues that exist with regard to the reasons for registering as an organ-tissue donor and the reasons why people are only willing to donate specific body parts and not others. These findings will help in the development of effective future interventions that are designed to change and guide performance of the behaviour and ultimately increase participation in organ donation by encouraging competent decision making.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available