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Title: Online structured learning for real-time computer vision gaming applications
Author: Hare, S.
Awarding Body: Oxford Brookes University
Current Institution: Oxford Brookes University
Date of Award: 2012
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In recent years computer vision has played an increasingly important role in the development of computer games, and it now features as one of the core technologies for many gaming platforms. The work in this thesis addresses three problems in real-time computer vision, all of which are motivated by their potential application to computer games. We rst present an approach for real-time 2D tracking of arbitrary objects. In common with recent research in this area we incorporate online learning to provide an appearance model which is able to adapt to the target object and its surrounding background during tracking. However, our approach moves beyond the standard framework of tracking using binary classication and instead integrates tracking and learning in a more principled way through the use of structured learning. As well as providing a more powerful framework for adaptive visual object tracking, our approach also outperforms state-of-the-art tracking algorithms on standard datasets. Next we consider the task of keypoint-based object tracking. We take the traditional pipeline of matching keypoints followed by geometric verication and show how this can be embedded into a structured learning framework in order to provide principled adaptivity to a given environment. We also propose an approximation method allowing us to take advantage of recently developed binary image descriptors, meaning our approach is suitable for real-time application even on low-powered portable devices. Experimentally, we clearly see the benet that online adaptation using structured learning can bring to this problem. Finally, we present an approach for approximately recovering the dense 3D structure of a scene which has been mapped by a simultaneous localisation and mapping system. Our approach is guided by the constraints of the low-powered portable hardware we are targeting, and we develop a system which coarsely models the scene using a small number of planes. To achieve this, we frame the task as a structured prediction problem and introduce online learning into our approach to provide adaptivity to a given scene. This allows us to use relatively simple multi-view information coupled with online learning of appearance to efficiently produce coarse reconstructions of a scene.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available