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Title: Assessing the utility of wearable cameras in the measurement of walking and cycling
Author: Kelly, Paul
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2013
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Walking and cycling are considered very important behaviours in public health. This thesis is a study of the measurement of walking, cycling and overall travel behaviour. In the first part I present a systematic review of studies comparing Global Positioning System (GPS) measured travel to self-report. I found 12 results from eight eligible studies. All studies showed self-reported journey times were greater than GPS measured times. The differences ranged from over-reporting of +2.2 to +13.5 minutes per journey. In the second part of this thesis, I describe the development of a feasible, valid and reliable method for measuring travel with automated wearable cameras (SenseCam) through field testing and two pilot studies. I compared my new method to direct observation (considered a criterion measure) and found very good agreement and reliability (inter-rater, intra-rater and inter-measure). I also present an ethical framework for the measurement of health-related behaviours using automated wearable cameras. In the third part of the thesis, I report findings from an experiment designed to assess a well known UK travel diary (The National Travel Survey). Across four locations (Oxford, UK; Romford, UK; San Diego, USA; and Auckland, New Zealand) I collected 3-4 days of SenseCam and travel diary data from n=84 participants (convenience sample). Compliance with the collection protocol was high and inspection of the crude results suggests relative agreement between measures. Analysis of matched pairs of measurements (n=1,127 journeys) suggests a significant positive bias on self-reported durations (2:08 minutes; 95% CI = 1:48 to 2:28; 95% limits-of-agreement = -9:10 to 13:26). These results suggest self-reported journey exposure is valid at a population level, though corrections according to my reported bias could be considered. The large limits of agreement on duration estimates suggest self-report may be unsuitable for assessment of individual travel behaviour.
Supervisor: Foster, Charlie Sponsor: Microsoft Research
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Public Health ; travel ; active travel ; measurement ; self-report ; wearable cameras