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Title: MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry biomarker profiling via multivariate data analysis application in the biopharmaceutical bioprocessing industry
Author: Momo, Remi Ako-Mbianyor
Awarding Body: University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2013
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Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF MS) is a technique by which protein profiles can be rapidly produced from biological samples. Proteomic profiling and biomarker identification using MALDI-ToF MS have been utilised widely in microbiology for bacteria identification and in clinical proteomics for disease-related biomarker discovery. To date, the benefits of MALDI-ToF MS have not been realised in the area of mammalian cell culture during bioprocessing. This thesis explores the approach of ‘intact-cell’ MALDI-ToF MS (ICM-MS) combined with projection to latent structures – discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), to discriminate between mammalian cell lines during bioprocessing. Specifically, the industrial collaborator, Lonza Biologics is interested in adopting this approach to discriminate between IgG monoclonal antibody producing Chinese hamster ovaries (CHO) cell lines based on their productivities and identify protein biomarkers which are associated with the cell line productivities. After classifying cell lines into two categories (high/low producers; Hs/Ls), it is hypothesised that Hs and Ls CHO cells exhibit different metabolic profiles and hence differences in phenotypic expression patterns will be observed. The protein expression patterns correlate to the productivities of the cell lines, and introduce between-class variability. The chemometric method of PLS-DA can use this variability to classify the cell lines as Hs or Ls. A number of differentially expressed proteins were matched and identified as biomarkers after a SwissProt/TrEMBL protein database search. The identified proteins revealed that proteins involved in biological processes such as protein biosynthesis, protein folding, glycolysis and cytoskeleton architecture were upregulated in Hs. This study demonstrates that ICM-MS combined with PLS-DA and a protein database search can be a rapid and valuable tool for biomarker discovery in the bioprocessing industry. It may help in providing clues to potential cell genetic engineering targets as well as a tool in process development in the bioprocessing industry. With the completion of the sequencing of the CHO genome, this study provides a foundation for rapid biomarker profiling of CHO cell lines in culture during recombinant protein manufacturing.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Lonza Biologics
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available