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Title: Cooperative spectrum sensing for cognitive radio
Author: Prawatmuang, Warit
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2013
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Cognitive Radio (CR) aims to access the wireless spectrum in an opportunistic manner while the licensed user is not using it. To accurately determine the licensed user's existence, spectrum sensing procedure is vital to CR system. Energy detection-based spectrum sensing techniques is favourable due to its simplicity and low complexity. In addition, to improve the detection performance, cooperative spectrum sensing technique exploits multi-user diversity and mitigates detection uncertainty. In this thesis, we investigate several energy detection based cooperative spectrum sensing techniques.First, the closed-form analysis for the Equal Gain Combining based Soft Decision Combining (EGC-SDC) scheme, in which all CR users forward its observation to the fusion center, is derived. In order to reduce the communication overhead between CR users and the fusion center, we proposed quantized cooperative spectrum sensing technique, in which CR users quantize its local observation before forwarding to the fusion center. Next, the Double Threshold scheme, where some users only forward its local decision while other users forward its observation, is considered and analyzed. To further reduce the communication overhead, we also proposed that quantization is applied to the users who forward its observation. Later on, three sequential cooperative spectrum sensing schemes in time-varying channel are considered. By aggregating past local observations from previous sensing slots, CR users can improve the detection performance. The Weighted Sequential Energy Detector (SED) scheme simply takes fixed number of past local observations, while the other two schemes, Two-Stage SED and Differential SED, adaptively determine the number of observations, based on its decision towards primary user's existence.Simulation results show that the analysis on EGC-SDC scheme is accurate and the quantized cooperative spectrum sensing technique can improve the performance and approach the detection performance of EGC-SDC scheme with much less bandwidth requirement. Also, the Double Threshold scheme can help improve the detection performance over the conventional technique. Furthermore, the analysis on Double Threshold provides a closed-form for the probability of false alarm and detection. Additionally, the sequential spectrum sensing schemes are shown to improve the detection performance and enable CR system to work in scenarios that the conventional technique can not accommodate.
Supervisor: So, Daniel Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: spectrum sensing ; cognitive radio ; cooperative sensing ; energy detection