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Title: Quantum-bit devices inspired by classical stochastic analogies
Author: Washington, Zoe
Awarding Body: Loughborough University
Current Institution: Loughborough University
Date of Award: 2013
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As systems/structures get smaller we need to take into account noise and quantum effects and so, we need to develop some quantum devices. Quantum devices work using quantum principles like qubits that have already been developed, i.e., superconducting qubits that are going to be discussed in chapter 1. Initially, scientists wanted to use qubits to do quantum computations, this is not easy so scientists developed methods to do something different, e.g. quantum metamaterials. Here in this thesis we describe two examples of quantum devices. Our first device is the parametric quantum amplifier. Used when we need to amplify very weak signals. Amplifying a weak signal on the nanoscale is a very big challenge, this is due to classical and quantum noise, and so, we need to employ quantum physics to resolve this issue. The proposed two-qubit system amplifies weak signals at very small scales. We have shown that we can construct a multitude of novel devices on the nano-scale with the use of qubits Our second device uses harmonic mixing. It can be used where rectification is needed, for example, when we need to rectify some fluctuations and in principle some quantum fluctuations in order to pump either an excited or ground state of the two qubit device. In this thesis we propose how to do this. Firstly, we propose that if we apply harmonic mixing of two signals for two qubits, using the structure of the equation and basically the structure of quantum mechanics we can pump a desirable quantum state. We can pump either the upper or ground state by changing the signal.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Loughborough University
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Qubit ; Parametric amplifier ; Quantum ; Harmonic mixing