Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Occupational health and safety practices in the petrochemical industries of Malaysia
Author: Isha, Ahmad Shahrul Nizam
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2012
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
The petrochemical industry in Malaysia has been growing rapidly in recent years. The development of this highly hazardous industry largely depends on high health and safety standards. Since the early 1990s, health and safety legislation introduced in the country, such as the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (OSHA) and the Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards (CIMAH) Regulations 1996 have aimed in improving standards across a number of occupational sectors. A mixed-method research design was used to explore occupational health and safety practices in the petrochemical industry in Malaysia. Special emphasis was placed on safety culture and the impact of psychosocial risks on occupational health and safety (OHS) outcomes. Qualitative research was based on policy reviews and interviews with officials, company managers, and key experts. The qualitative study of the research explored actual occupational health and safety (OHS) practices at the organisational level in the petrochemical industries. Information 'about OHS legislation and policies are given from the very beginning when companies submitted a proposal to the government to establish their installation plant. Review of the companies OHS policies has found they are committed to adopt aspects of the operations in strict compliance with all OHS regulations and their operation is closely monitored by Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH). Nineteen interviews with key staff working in four petrochemical companies, ranging from the senior operation manager, engineers, occupational health doctors, nurses and operation supervisors, were conducted using the semi-structured interview method. Questions focused on companies' OHS policy, safety communication strategies, safety monitoring and initiatives to promote health and safety. The study identified different views between top and middle management on safety implementation, safety training and safety priorities. Lack of sufficient and updated OSH training was also reported by middle management. On the other hand, safety infrastructures did exist in the form of plant health clinics with occupational health doctors and nurses' services and internal fire and emergency teams. Incentive schemes in the form of bonuses and salary increments for achieved targets accident free hours were also found in some of the companies. The third part of the research was a quantitative study aimed to explore OHS practices among the workers and safety culture and using questionnaire as its instrument. This questionnaire was constructed base on the UK, HSE Safety Climate Assessment Tool Kit (1999) with only minor alterations. This study has found that the safety culture in the organisation was a combination effect of work environment, individual attitude and perception about safety and the management commitments. The study has also found that psychosocial hazards and work environment are the two strong factors contribute to the workers wellbeing in the petrochemical industries in Malaysia. The entire research findings pictured the standings of Malaysian OHS standards and its actual practices at the ground level. It provides an overall justification on the current practices of OHS in Malaysia from the perspectives of the stakeholders and the end users as the target groups (i.e. management and workers). The thesis hence contributes significantly to the literature in the OHS field, and can therefore be taken as a reference by policy makers and stakeholders in order to maintain stronger OHS areas and rectify their weaknesses.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: T Technology (General) ; HD Industries. Land use. Labor