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Title: Parallel transit methods for arterial spin labelling magnetic resonance imaging
Author: Oliver-Taylor, A.
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2013
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Vessel selective arterial spin labelling (ASL) is a magnetic resonance imaging technique which permits the visualisation and assessment of the perfusion territory of a specific set of feeding arteries. It is of clinical importance in both acute and chronic cerebrovascular disease, and the mapping of blood supplied to tumours. Continuous ASL is capable of providing the highest signal-to-noise (SNR) ratio of the various ASL methods. However on clinical systems it suffers from high hardware demands, and the control of systematic errors decreases perfusion sensitivity. A separate labelling coil avoids these problems, enabling high labelling efficiency and subsequent high SNR, and vessel specificity can be localised to one carotid artery. However this relies on the careful and accurate positioning of the labelling coil over the common carotid arteries in the neck. It is proposed to combine parallel transmission (multiple transmit coils, each transmitting with different amplitudes and phases) to spatially tailor the labelling field, removing the reliance on coil location for optimal labelling efficiency, and enabling robust vessel selective labelling with a high degree of specificity. Presented is the application of parallel transmission methods to continuous ASL, requiring the development of an ASL labelling coil array, and a two channel transmitter system. Coil safety testing was performed using a novel MRI temperature mapping technique to accurately measure small temperature changes on the order of 0.1 ⁰C. A perfusion phantom with distinct vascular territories was constructed for sequence testing and development. Phantom and in-vivo testing of parallel transmit CASL using a 3D-GRASE acquisition showed an improvement of up to 35% in vessel specificity when compared with using a single labelling coil, whilst retaining the high labelling efficiency and associated SNR of separate coil CASL methods.
Supervisor: Thomas, D. L. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available