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Title: Applied behaviour analysis and student recycling behaviour
Author: Walth, Anja
ISNI:       0000 0004 2752 9377
Awarding Body: University of Ulster
Current Institution: Ulster University
Date of Award: 2012
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With the introduction of European Union (EU) regulations on waste targets, the UK is committed to reducing waste, recycling and reusing policies. Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) techniques have been used to alter pro-environmental behaviour with varying success Antecedent Strategies such as information, goal setting and modelling aim to influence factors that may affect behaviours before they occur. Consequence or reinforcement strategies mainly offer rewards for the performance of a pro-environmental behaviour - for example prizes and monetary incentives, and also feedback in the form of continuous information upon recycling. Studies were carried out in 6 student villages with a total population of approximately 900 students, over a period of two academic years. Multiple baseline designs were used and after baseline measurements different interventions were introduced for groups of households. The research aim of this thesis was to identify the key behavioural components that make up recycling in students and to test possible Applied Behaviour Analysis techniques to adjust these behaviours. The research identified three key behavioural components that make up appropriate recycling. These are the correct sorting of targeted items from non-targeted items also known as contamination; the ongoing output of these targeted items, to make up a large percentage of the waste produced, also known as the amounts produced and the movement of the bin to get these items collected by the waste collecting authorities. The study investigated the effects of information, prompts, social interventions, continuous feedback and incentives on these three key behavioural components. The schemes such as information and door-stepping, currently used by the Borough Council, were tested and found not suitable for students.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available