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Title: Structural integrity of carbon dioxide transportation infrastructures
Author: Zargarzadeh, Payam
ISNI:       0000 0004 2747 4329
Awarding Body: Cranfield University
Current Institution: Cranfield University
Date of Award: 2013
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Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is recognised as having a significant role to play in tackling climate change and reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. In CCS schemes, CO2 is captured from anthropogenic sources, and transported to suitable sites either for EOR (Enhanced Oil Recovery) or storage. The transport of such huge amount of CO2 causes new challenges. The main concern is in the difference between natural gas and CO2 transportation pipelines. CO2 phase behaviour during decompression, existence of different impurities and very high operating pressure are some of the new challenges for pipeline designer and operators. This PhD study has taken a systematic approach to understand the mechanics involved in the fracture of pipes containing high pressure flue-gas CO2. The work involved the development of a novel weight function stress intensity factor solution that can be used with complex stress fields induced by residual and/or thermal stresses in addition to applied pressure. In addition, the thesis reports a substantial experimented test programme which involved low temperature fracture toughness tests linked to a detailed finite element based stress analysis. Overall, the thesis presents an integrated engineering criticality means to assess the suitability or otherwise of a pipeline system to transport high pressure flue-gas CO2.
Supervisor: Brennan, Feargal Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: CO2 ; pipeline-Fracture ; mechanics-Weight ; function-Fracture ; toughness ; test-FEA-SIF-FAD-ECA-Back ; Face Strain