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Title: Role of ocean policies in poverty reduction : insights from Cape Verde, Portugal and Sao Tome e Principe
Author: Carneiro, Goncalo
ISNI:       0000 0004 2751 9638
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2011
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This study investigates the role played by ocean and coastal resource management interventions in national poverty reduction efforts in Cape Verde, Portugal and Sao Tome e Principe. It reviews the main ocean sectors of these countries and the respective policies. It also discusses the poverty situation in each country and analyses the respective strategies in terms of their linkages with ocean sectors. A comparative analysis of the findings from the individual cases is provided. A review of the concept of poverty highlights the implications of its threshold effect. An account is provided of the evolution of the concept towards multi-dimensionality and of the implications of this process for policy-making and the unstable use of the term. The published evidence relative to impacts of ocean management interventions on human well-being is analysed. It is concluded that this evidence is currently limited and only rarely comparable across different settings, a consequence of the application of different methods to evaluate distinct dimensions of well-being. No such evidence exists from any of the study countries. The importance of expanding the existing body of evidence is highlighted. This study concludes that poverty is awarded limited attention in the ocean sectors of the three countries. Similarly, the actual and potential contribution of these sectors to poverty reduction is poorly explored in poverty reduction instruments. Where poverty is explicitly linked to ocean activities, it is often conceptualised in terms of income, employment and nutrition alone, leaving out other relevant dimensions of well-being. This reflects on the proposed ocean policy measures. It was found that these are also conditioned by other societal imperatives, notably those related to the conservation of resources, and, more importantly, by objectives relating to the management of ocean activities.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available