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Title: Amniocentesis dilemma : needs assessment, development and field-testing of a theory-based decision support intervention
Author: Durand, Marie-Anne
ISNI:       0000 0004 2749 2180
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2009
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Background: Amniocentesis is the most common prenatal diagnostic procedure undertaken in the United Kingdom, usually performed after 15 completed weeks of pregnancy. The procedure is reported to have a 1 % risk of miscarriage and the results of the chromosome tests may require further decision making about whether to continue with the pregnancy. Deciding about amniocentesis is a complex and emotionally charged decision, often undertaken in a short period of time and, under current practice, with little systematic decision support. Decision Support Interventions, also known as Patient Decision Aids, have been developed to help individuals leam about the features and implications of their treatment or screening options while improving communication with their health professionals. Those interventions are specifically targeted at preference-sensitive decisions with significant harms, benefits and uncertainty, where no screening or treatment option is objectively better than the other. This thesis proposed to assess information and decision support needs of pregnant women undertaking amniocentesis testing and to design and field-test, in collaboration with pregnant women and health professionals, a theory-based Decision Support Intervention for amniocentesis testing (amnioDex). Methods: A multi-method approach was adopted that included a systematic review, theoretical review, and qualitative analysis to develop and pilot a theory-based intervention intended for pregnant women facing a decision to undertake amniocentesis testing. The content areas and themes to be covered in the intervention were determined by a literature review and needs assessment conducted with pregnant women and health professionals. The prototype development of amnioDex (amniocentesis decision explorer) was guided by theory and included heuristic-based deliberation tools. Incremental prototypes of amnioDex and embedded deliberation tools were field-tested with lay users, health professionals and pregnant women facing a decision to undertake amniocentesis, using the "think-aloud" technique. Results: The amnioDex intervention was developed over a period of two years and field-tested for eight months. Conclusion: Findings from this thesis showed that it was feasible to use theory to generate a Decision Support Intervention acceptable to women facing amniocentesis testing and to health professionals counselling them. Future research needs to evaluate the effectiveness of amnioDex in a randomised controlled trial and to examine methods for effectively transferring theory into practice.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available