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Title: Study of the hydrogen evolution reaction on platinum and platinum group metal surfaces
Author: Smale, Simon
ISNI:       0000 0004 2751 6533
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2008
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The hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) has been examined on a variety of Pt and Pt-group metal surfaces to investigate the rate of the reaction. Pt stepped single crystal surfaces were investigated in relation to the HER using cyclic voltammetry, linear sweep voltammetry and multi-frequency AC voltammetry. It was found that the hydrogen evolution reaction activity did not show a dependence on the structure of single crystal platinum electrode surfaces. Thick films of Au, Rh and Pd were deposited onto Pt {111} and successfully annealed to give pseudomorphic surfaces of the bulk metal. The aim of such measurements was to investigate whether strains within the crystal lattice of these films would result in enhanced HER activity. None of the surfaces investigated showed significant HER enhancement. Rather, results similar to those observed using the bulk metals were obtained. Rough Ir and Pt deposits on Pt{111} were also investigated. Enhanced HER activity was observed on these surfaces. This enhancement was interpreted in terms of the structural arrangement of the Ir and Pt deposits. For Pd films on Pt {111} (0 < fVPd < 2 monolayers) it was observed that Pt dominated the HER kinetics for Pd coverages up to one monolayer and was still influential on the HER at two monolayers of Pd. Similarly Pd-Pt surface alloys also showed that Pd had little or no influence on the HER kinetics even with 75 % Pd in the surface layer. Possible mechanisms for this behaviour have been proposed, in particular, the role of subsurface hydrogen in HER on Pt is discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available