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Title: Lumped element Kinetic Inductance Detectors
Author: Doyle, Simon
ISNI:       0000 0001 3757 2246
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2008
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Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KIDs) provide a promising solution to the problem of producing large format arrays of ultra sensitive detectors for astronomy. Traditionally KIDs have been constructed from superconducting quarter-wavelength or half- wavelength resonator elements capacitively coupled to a coplanar feed line. Photons are detected by measuring the change in quasi-particle density caused by the splitting of Cooper pairs in the superconducting resonant element. This change in quasi-particle density alters the kinetic inductance, and hence the resonant frequency of the resonant element. This arrangement requires the quasi-particles generated by photon absorption to be concentrated at positions of high current density in the resonator. This is usually achieved through antenna coupling or quasi-particle trapping. For these detectors to work at wavelengths shorter than around 500 /zra where antenna coupling can introduce a significant loss of efficiency, a direct absorption method needs to be considered. One solution to this problem is the Lumped Element KID (LEKID), which shows no current variation along its length and can be arranged into a photon absorbing area coupled to free space and therefore requiring no antennas or quasi-particle trapping. The work throughout this thesis studies the properties of the LEKID device though simulation and experimental data and lays the foundation for developing an optimised detector using this direct absorption approach.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available