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Title: Vocational education and training in Botswana
Author: Kerton, G. A. J.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2751 0844
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2007
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The development of skill formation in Botswana was investigated in the context of the global economy and high youth unemployment. At independence (1966) Botswana was one of the ten poorest countries in the world. As a democratic country the welfare of its citizens was paramount, consequently, when diamonds were discovered (1967) the main objective was to improve living standards throughout the country. When revenue from diamonds increased. diversification by creating a stronger industrial base was considered necessary to develop a sound economy, more employment for its expanding youth population, lessening dependence upon expatriate workers and further investment in schools and vocational education and training (VET) establishments, however, the supply and demand of skilled workers was uncoordinated and employers were dissatisfied with the quality of VET graduates. Wide ranging information on the opinions of the effectiveness of VET was obtained from village elders school leavers, teachers and parents VET leavers, lecturers and instructors recent VET graduates and employers and other high ranking individuals. Human capital theory and its assumptions were found inappropriate for analysing the requirements of a developing country, as it failed to consider the effects of traditional culture on development. A more holistic approach, based on the political economy of skill formation, appeared to be more suitable. The effects of traditional norms and expectations on western industrial practice were highlighted, also, the negative influence of the didactic teaching style on the application of theoretical knowledge, problem solving and the teaching of English in schools. VET institutes were disadvantaged by lecturers and instructors with limited industrial and teaching experience and industrial placements for students were ineffective because of inadequate funding for guidelines and monitoring procedures. Only one third of VET graduates were able to obtain work appropriate to their training. Positive actions to improve the effectiveness of VET were suggested, but they require commitment from all stakeholders
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available