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Title: Modelling of repair techniques for masonry arch bridges
Author: Miri, Mahmoud
ISNI:       0000 0004 2747 8741
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2005
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Small scale centrifuge models were used to study the behaviour of arches repaired using different techniques. The models under test were 1/12th scale replicas of a 6 metre single span three ring arch. Two types of arch geometry, with span/rise of 4 and 2, were studied as a shallow and deep arch geometry. The models were tested in a centrifuge under a steady equivalent gravity of 12g. Two types of 2-D and 3-D arch models were studied which had the same geometry but different in the addition of spandrel walls. The 3-D models were built with spandrel walls but without any wing walls or parapet. Both 2-D and 3-D arch models were tested under rolling and failure loads. The models were usually tested with fourteen passes of a rolling load and then up to the observation of first signs of failure to enable them to be suitable for applying a repair method. The repaired models were tested using the same procedure but up to the full failure load. To understand the behaviour of the arch models under unsymmetrical loads different roller weights were applied at different positions. The arch deflection and the soil/masonry interaction in arch extrados were measured in all the tests and compared with each other. Plastic mesh reinforcement, stitching, and concrete slab on top of the soil backfill were applied as repair methods to the 2-D arch models. A review of the results has shown an increase in arch stiffness, decrease in deflections and a significant improvement in the ultimate load carrying capacity. A significant effect on the pressure distribution on the arch barrel was observed due to the application of the concrete slab on top of the backfill. Stitching of arch barrel and the barrel to the spandrels, applying partial saddle concrete and strengthening of spandrel wall using reinforced concrete were tested in the 3-D arch models. The results showed improvements in the stiffness and ultimate arch load carrying capacity due to these repair techniques. The results provide a valuable data base for validation of numerical models and an initial attempt to use them with a commercial finite element program is included.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available