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Title: A comparative study of housing in Korea and Singapore
Author: Heo, Yong-Chang
ISNI:       0000 0004 2749 6210
Awarding Body: University of York
Current Institution: University of York
Date of Award: 2012
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This thesis compares the historical development of housing in two Asian Tigers, Korea and Singapore. The thesis adopts comparative historical analysis for systematic and contextualised comparison across nation states. The thesis starts by reviewing the previous literature on the evolving views of housing policy and housing regimes in the Western welfare states and the newly industrialised countries in Asian-Pacific region. With these theoretical backgrounds, the thesis investigates and compares the.developments of the housing systems, its causal factors and consequences through comparative historical analysis. When it comes to accounting for variations in housing between Korea and Singapore, the case studies highlight how institutional characteristics established under colonial rule e.g. viewpoints on social policy including housing or the designs of schemes, were combined with different developmental strategies during the industrialisation period. In addition, the case studies pose and examine the new relationship between housing and other welfare pillars in Asia, which can be differentiated from those in Western contexts. The findings from the case studies reveal that the different ways in which development models and enduring institutional arrangements were combined acted as the critical factor determining the considerable variations apparent in housing policy and outcomes in Korea and Singapore. The thesis demonstrates that the emphasis on the variable of 'institutions' furthers the understanding of how path dependency dominated most housing policy developments in Korea and Singapore. When it comes to implications for comparative housing study, the findings support the interpretation that Asian housing regimes with several sub-groups can be differentiated from Western housing regimes. Finally, the findings indicate that it is time for both states to think over how to live with 'institutional legacies' generating considerable social costs.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available