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Title: Precipitation hardening in AZ91 magnesium alloy
Author: Zeng, Ruilin
ISNI:       0000 0004 2749 1313
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2013
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The microstructure evolution of a sand cast AZ91 magnesium alloy during heat treatment (solution treatment and subsequent ageing) were characterized quantitatively using a combination of optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The area fraction of discontinuous precipitates and number density of continuous precipitates (N\(_V\)) in the AZ91 alloys with and without pre-deformation were measured using OM and TEM, respectively. Based on these metallurgical evidences, the existing precipitation strengthening mode for AZ91 was modified and the effect of pre-deformation on the precipitation strengthening of AZ91 was investigated. Al-Mn-(Mg) particles in the size range of 20-200 nm have been found in the as-cast AZ91. Their morphologies, chemical composition and structures were investigated using TEM. It was found that these particles have a chemical composition of (Al \(_6\)\(_.\)\(_5\)\(_2\)Mn) \(_1\)\(_-\)\(_x\)Mg\(_x\) (x < 0.13) and a decagonal quasi-crystalline structure. These particles were stable during a solution treatment and acted as preferential nucleation sites for continuous Mg\(_1\)\(_7\)Al\(_1\)\(_2\) precipitates during the subsequent ageing. The results obtained using two electron tomography (ET) approaches were also summarized in this thesis. One uses HAADF-STEM for Mg\(_1\)\(_7\)Al\(_1\)\(_2\) precipitates on Al-Mn-(Mg) particles. The other technique is BF-STEM applied to study Mg\(_1\)\(_7\)Al\(_1\)\(_2\) precipitates on the dislocations.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy