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Title: Behaviour recognition and monitoring of the elderly using wearable wireless sensors : dynamic behaviour modelling and nonlinear classification methods and implementation
Author: Winkley, Jonathan James
ISNI:       0000 0004 2748 0024
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2013
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In partnership with iMonSys - an emerging company in the passive care field - a new system, 'Verity', is being developed to fulfil the role of a passive behaviour monitoring and alert detection device, providing an unobtrusive level of care and assessing an individual's changing behaviour and health status whilst still allowing for independence of its elderly user. In this research, a Hidden Markov Model incorporating Fuzzy Logic-based sensor fusion is created for the behaviour detection within Verity, with a method of Fuzzy-Rule induction designed for the system's adaptation to a user during operation. A dimension reduction and classification scheme utilising Curvilinear Distance Analysis is further developed to deal with the recognition task presented by increasingly nonlinear and high dimension sensor readings, and anomaly detection methods situated within the Hidden Markov Model provide possible solutions to identification of health concerns arising from independent living. Real-time implementation is proposed through development of an Instance Based Learning approach in combination with a Bloom Filter, speeding up the classification operation and reducing the storage requirements for the considerable amount of observation data obtained during operation. Finally, evaluation of all algorithms is completed using a simulation of the Verity system with which the behaviour monitoring task is to be achieved.
Supervisor: Jiang, Ping Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Ambient assisted living ; Dimension reduction ; Classification ; State probability ; Wearable wireless sensors ; Elderly ; Dynamic behaviour modelling ; Passive behaviour monitoring