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Title: The influence of the hormonal milieu on eicosanoid and cytokine production in tissues from the female reproductive tract
Author: Garvin, Joanne Helen
ISNI:       0000 0004 2747 9218
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2012
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In the human uterus prostaglandins (PG) PGE2, PGD2, PGI2, PGF2α and Thromboxane A2 (TXA2), also termed prostanoids, are synthesised and deactivated to 15-keto PGE2, J2 metabolites, 6-keto-PGF1α, 15-keto PGF2α and TXB2 respectively. However, not all metabolites have been analysed simultaneously within the same tissue. The primary objective of this thesis was to determine full uterine prostanoid profiles in human non-pregnancy, pregnancy and parturition, to better understand these processes and find suitable tocolytic targets. In addition, ten cytokines in human cervico-vaginal fluid (CVF) were measured according to interval to labour to test their suitability as labour onset predictors, with a view to developing a test to determine women at risk of preterm labour. Prostanoid analysis was carried out in endometrium (n=9) and myometrium (n=15- 16) donated by non-pregnant women and lower segment myometrium obtained from pregnant women (before (n=14) and after labour onset (n=7)) by liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (LC/ESIMS/ MS). Cytokines produced by CVF collected from pregnant donors (20-41 weeks gestation, n=2-10) were investigated using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) or Luminex®. Human endometrium produced greater concentrations of TXB2, PGE2 and PGF2α than myometrium in vitro (p<0.05). Fifteen prostanoids were detected in human myometrium. Production of 6-keto-PGF1α, PGE1 and PGF1α increased whilst 15- keto PGE2 and PGJ2 decreased at term pregnancy (37-41 weeks gestation) versus non-pregnancy (p<0.05). Myometrium from parturient donors synthesised TXB2 and PGE2 more abundantly than the non-labouring equivalent. Cytokine concentration was greatest in CVF sampled the week before labour, in particular Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1α (MIP-1α) and Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-1 (MCP-1) (p<0.05). Endometrial TXB2, PGE2 and PGF2α could aid in proliferation of glandular epithelium prior to ovulation. Prostacyclin may facilitate prolongation of pregnancy to term and thromboxane could contribute to uterine stimulation during labour. Cervical dilation may be influenced by PGE2 in lower segment myometrium. MCP- 1, MIP-1α and IL-6 could mark a short interval to labour onset.
Supervisor: Marshall, Kay M.; Nicolaou, Anna Sponsor: Allergan Inc.
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Uterus ; Human ; Prostanoids ; Pregnancy ; Cytokines ; Labour ; Prostaglandins ; Endometrium ; Myometrium ; Cervico-vaginal fluid (CVF)