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Title: Analysis of anti-cancer drug penetration through multicell layers in vitro : the development and evaluation of an in vitro model for assessing the impact of convective fluid flow on drug penetration through avascular cancer tissues
Author: Makeen, Hafiz Antar Mohammad
ISNI:       0000 0004 2747 6076
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2012
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High interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) in tumours is recognized as a barrier to drug delivery resulting in reduced efficacy. High IFP impedes the normal process of convective fluid flow (CFF) from blood vessels into the interstitium. The aim of this study was to develop an in vitro model that could be used to measure CFF and to study its effects on drug delivery. The model consists of a transwell cell culture insert which supports the growth of multicell layers (MCL) on collagen coated membranes. A graduated tube is inserted into the transwell and a pressure gradient is applied across the membrane by raising the volume of medium in the tube above that of the bottom chamber. CFF is determined by measuring the weight of medium in the bottom chamber as a function of time. CFF was inversely proportional to MCL thickness and 41.1±3.6µm thick MCL has completely stopped CFF. Using a physiologically relevant hydrostatic pressure of 28mmHg, a CFF of 21µL/min was recorded using a DLD-1 MCL that was 12.21±3.2µm thick. Under these conditions, the rates of penetration of doxorubicin, imatinib and gefitinib were respectively 42, 26 and 13 folds greater than when no CFF exists. Reversing the CFF so that it opposed the drug diffusion gradient significantly impairs drug penetration. In conclusion, a novel in vitro model for assessing the impact of CFF on drug delivery has been developed. This model could be used to evaluate strategies designed to increase drug delivery to solid tumours by modifying the CFF.
Supervisor: Phillips, Roger M.; Loadman, Paul M. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Drug penetration ; Drug delivery ; Solid tumours ; Multicell layer ; Interstitial fluid pressure ; Convective fluid flow ; Convection ; Hydrostatic pressure ; Chemotherapy resistance ; Cancer