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Title: Foreground detection of video through the integration of novel multiple detection algorithims
Author: Nawaz, Muhammad
ISNI:       0000 0004 2747 3377
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2013
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The main outcomes of this research are the design of a foreground detection algorithm, which is more accurate and less time consuming than existing algorithms. By the term accuracy we mean an exact mask (which satisfies the respective ground truth value) of the foreground object(s). Motion detection being the prior component of foreground detection process can be achieved via pixel based and block based methods, both of which have their own merits and disadvantages. Pixel based methods are efficient in terms of accuracy but a time consuming process, so cannot be recommended for real time applications. On the other hand block based motion estimation has relatively less accuracy but consumes less time and is thus ideal for real-time applications. In the first proposed algorithm, block based motion estimation technique is opted for timely execution. To overcome the issue of accuracy another morphological based technique was adopted called opening-and-closing by reconstruction, which is a pixel based operation so produces higher accuracy and requires lesser time in execution. Morphological operation opening-and-closing by reconstruction finds the maxima and minima inside the foreground object(s). Thus this novel simultaneous process compensates for the lower accuracy of block based motion estimation. To verify the efficiency of this algorithm a complex video consisting of multiple colours, and fast and slow motions at various places was selected. Based on 11 different performance measures the proposed algorithm achieved an average accuracy of more than 24.73% than four of the well-established algorithms. Background subtraction, being the most cited algorithm for foreground detection, encounters the major problem of proper threshold value at run time. For effective value of the threshold at run time in background subtraction algorithm, the primary component of the foreground detection process, motion is used, in this next proposed algorithm. For the said purpose the smooth histogram peaks and valley of the motion were analyzed, which reflects the high and slow motion areas of the moving object(s) in the given frame and generates the threshold value at run time by exploiting the values of peaks and valley. This proposed algorithm was tested using four recommended video sequences including indoor and outdoor shoots, and were compared with five high ranked algorithms. Based on the values of standard performance measures, the proposed algorithm achieved an average of more than 12.30% higher accuracy results.
Supervisor: Cosmas, J. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Computer vision ; Image processing ; Video processing