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Title: Network coding via evolutionary algorithms
Author: Karunarathne, Lalith
ISNI:       0000 0004 2748 8704
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2012
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Network coding (NC) is a relatively recent novel technique that generalises network operation beyond traditional store-and-forward routing, allowing intermediate nodes to combine independent data streams linearly. The rapid integration of bandwidth-hungry applications such as video conferencing and HDTV means that NC is a decisive future network technology. NC is gaining popularity since it offers significant benefits, such as throughput gain, robustness, adaptability and resilience. However, it does this at a potential complexity cost in terms of both operational complexity and set-up complexity. This is particularly true of network code construction. Most NC problems related to these complexities are classified as non deterministic polynomial hard (NP-hard) and an evolutionary approach is essential to solve them in polynomial time. This research concentrates on the multicast scenario, particularly: (a) network code construction with optimum network and coding resources; (b) optimising network coding resources; (c) optimising network security with a cost criterion (to combat the unintentionally introduced Byzantine modification security issue). The proposed solution identifies minimal configurations for the source to deliver its multicast traffic whilst allowing intermediate nodes only to perform forwarding and coding. In the method, a preliminary process first provides unevaluated individuals to a search space that it creates using two generic algorithms (augmenting path and linear disjoint path). An initial population is then formed by randomly picking individuals in the search space. Finally, the Multi-objective Genetic algorithm (MOGA) and Vector evaluated Genetic algorithm (VEGA) approaches search the population to identify minimal configurations. Genetic operators (crossover, mutation) contribute to include optimum features (e.g. lower cost, lower coding resources) into feasible minimal configurations. A fitness assignment and individual evaluation process is performed to identify the feasible minimal configurations. Simulations performed on randomly generated acyclic networks are used to quantify the performance of MOGA and VEGA.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA76 Electronic computers. Computer science. Computer software ; TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering