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Title: New approaches and applications in electrochemical scanning probe microscopy
Author: McKelvey, Kim Martin
ISNI:       0000 0004 2748 8528
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2012
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This thesis is concerned with the development of new electrochemical scanning probe techniques and the application of these to biological problems. These techniques allow high resolution quantitative investigations of surface processes through measurements at a precisely placed electrode probe. A new technique, called intermittent contact scanning electrochemical microscopy, which allowed the probe-surface distance to be decisively determined through the physical interaction of the probe with the surface was developed. Separately, a new type of dual electrode probe was developed and characterised, and a new instrument (including both hardware and software) capable of a wide range of electrochemical imaging modes was developed with wide applications. The quantitative analysis of the electrochemical signal, typically measured at the probe, requires understanding the mass transport between the probe and the surface. Finite element modelling was used extensively throughout to solve the mass transport problem and therefore quantitatively analyse experimental results. Intermittent contact scanning electrochemical microscopy was used to quantify the mass transport through a porous biological membrane, dentin, that separates the pulp and enamel in teeth. Oxygen generation and consumption rates during photosynthesis were determined by measuring the local oxygen flux at an electrode placed a precise distance above a monolayer of isolated chloroplasts or thylakoid membranes. Finally, the new dual electrode probe was used to measure the reduction of an artificial electron acceptor by isolated thylakoid membranes.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Engineering and Research Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) ; Molecular Organisation and Assembly in Cells, University of Warwick
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QH301 Biology