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Title: Determining the effect of strain rate on the fracture of sheet steel
Author: Beaumont, Richard Adrian
ISNI:       0000 0004 2748 7867
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2012
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A key challenge for the automotive industry is to reduce vehicle mass without compromising on crash safety. To achieve this, it is necessary to model local failure in a material rather than design to the overly conservative criteria of total elongation to failure. The current understanding of local fracture is limited to quasi-static loading or strain rates an order of magnitude too high for automotive crash applications. This thesis studies the local fracture properties of DP800 sheet steel at the macroscopic scale from strain rates of to for the first time. Geometries for three stress states, namely plane-strain, shear and uniaxial tension, were developed to determine a fracture locus for DP800 steel using optical strain measurement. These geometries were developed using Finite Element Analysis and validated experimentally for strain rate and stress state. Thermal imaging was used to determine the effect of strain rate on temperature rise and its associated effect on fracture. Fractography was used to examine the specimens’ failure modes at different strain rates. The geometries were applied to the advanced high strength steel grade DP800. Despite prior evidence from simple tensile test data, DP800 showed no significant variation in fracture strain with strain rate in all three stress states. Non-contact thermal measurements showed that the high strain rate tests ( ) were non-isothermal with temperature rises of up to being observed. As a result of this it is difficult to decouple the effect of strain rate from the effect of temperature and requires further investigation. The test geometries were also applied to the deep draw steel DX54 and the aluminium alloy AA5754 where a strain rate effect was observed. Both materials are significantly more ductile than DP800 whish exposed a limitation in the test procedures. At high fracture strains the stress state deviates from its intended value and can invalidate the test. Therefore, a method was developed for determining the validity of a test for each geometry and material from experimental data. The preliminary data from DX54 indicates significantly greater strain rate sensitivity across one order of magnitude than was observed in five orders of magnitude in DP800.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: University of Warwick ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) ; Tata Steel
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) ; TS Manufactures