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Title: Performance analyses and design for cognitive radios
Author: Tang, Liang
ISNI:       0000 0004 2748 7314
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2012
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Cognitive radio has been proposed as a promising solution to the conflict between the spectrum scarcity and spectrum under-utilization. As the demand increases for wireless communication services, cognitive radio technology attracts huge attention from both commercial industries and academic researches. The purpose of this thesis is to provide an analytical evaluation of the cognitive radio system performance while taking into consideration of some realistic conditions. Several problems are investigated in this thesis. First, by adopting a dynamic primary user traffic model with one primary user occupancy status change and exponentially distributed channel holding times, its effect on the cognitive radio system performance is evaluated. In the evaluation, the sensing-throughput tradeoff of the cognitive radio is used as the examination criteria, while energy detection is applied during the spectrum sensing. The thesis then takes the investigation further by establishing a primary user multiple changes traffic model which considers multiple primary user occupancy status changes and any reasonable channel holding time distributions. The effect of the primary user multiple changes traffic on the spectrum sensing performance is investigated while the channel holding times are assumed to be exponential, Gamma, Erlang and log-normal distributed. The analytical evaluation of cognitive radio is also carried out from the secondary user transmission perspective, where the performance of the adaptive modulation in cognitive radio system is investigated. The effect of the cognitive radio distinctive features on the performance of both the adaptive continuous rate scheme and the adaptive discrete rate scheme of the adaptive modulation are examined. The BER performance and the link spectral efficiency performance are derived for both schemes. A novel frame structure where the spectrum sensing is performed by using the recovered received secondary frames is also evaluated in this thesis. A realistic scenario which considers the secondary user signal decoding errors is examined for the novel structure, while an ideal upper bound performance is given when the decoding process is assumed perfect. By extending the system to include multiple consecutive secondary frames, the performance of the novel structure is compared to the performance of the traditional frame structure proposed by the IEEE 802.22 WRAN standard. The effect of the primary user multiple changes traffic is also examined for the novel structure. Several major findings are made from the analytical evaluations presented in this thesis. Through numerical examinations, it was shown that, first, the dynamic primary user traffic degrades the performance of cognitive radio systems. Second, the degree of the performance degradation of the cognitive radio systems is related to the number of primary user status changes and the primary user traffic intensity. Different primary user channel holding times distributions also lead to different sensitivities of the system performance to the primary user traffic. Third, cognitive radio distinctive features degrades the performance of the adaptive modulation. When the novel structure is applied for cognitive radio, a higher secondary achievable throughput can be obtained with a limited saturation threshold.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering