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Title: Analysis of radial oscillations of gas bubbles in Newtonian or viscoelastic mediums under acoustic excitation
Author: Zhang, Yuning
ISNI:       0000 0004 2748 4682
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2012
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Acoustic cavitation plays an important role in a broad range of biomedical, chemical and oceanic engineering problems. For example, kidney stone can be crushed into the powder (being discharged naturally) by the acoustic cavitation generated by carefully controlled focused ultrasonic beams. Therefore, the prediction of generation of acoustic cavitation is essential to the aforementioned emerging non-invasive technique for kidney stone crushing. The objective of this PhD program is to study the generation of acoustic cavitation (e.g. through rectified mass diffusion across bubble interface) theoretically in the Newtonian fluids (e.g. water) or viscoelastic mediums (e.g. human soft tissue) under acoustic excitation of single or dual frequency. The compressibility and the viscosity of the liquid, heat and mass transfer across bubble-medium interface are all considered in this study. During this PhD program, the established works in the literature on the above topic have been re-examined. More physically general formulas of natural frequency and damping of gas bubble oscillations in Newtonian or viscoelastic mediums has been derived and further employed for solving the problem of bubble growth under acoustic field (i.e. rectified mass diffusion). For rectified mass diffusion of gas bubbles in Newtonian liquids, the predictions have been improved for high-frequency region of megahertz and above. Effects of medium viscoelasticity and dual-frequency acoustic excitation on rectified mass diffusion have also been studied. To facilitate the fast growth of bubble under acoustic field, dynamic-frequency and dual-frequency techniques have been proposed and demonstrated.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) (R.ESCM 9217) ; University of Warwick ; Chinese Scholarship Council (CSC)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC Physics ; TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) ; TP Chemical technology