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Title: Commonhold compared : a comparison of commonhold with "Residents' Management Company Leasehold" tenure
Author: Roberts, Nicholas Thomas Morris
ISNI:       0000 0004 2748 1422
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2008
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This dissertation compares commonhold, as enacted by the Commonhold and Leasehold Reform Act 2002, with 'RMC Leasehold' - long leasehold, with the freehold owned by the leaseholders through a Residents' Management Company. Its thesis is that commonhold is not always superior to RMC Leasehold; that, in several respects, RMC Leasehold may be preferable; and that the two models of ownership should therefore continue to co-exist. It argues that the Aldridge Committee in 1987 ignored the existence of RMC Leasehold, and that therefore its commonhold proposals did not benefit from experience of it. It emphasised the 'wasting asset' deficiency of leasehold, and overlooked the 'mismatch' between the ground landlord's financial stake and its powers, an imbalance which may be advantageous when the leaseholders collectively constitute the landlord. Commonhold and RMC Leasehold are compared, focussing on themes such as the tenurial aspect; how far commonhold can deliver freehold ownership as it is generally understood, and the implications of its limitations on the control of dispositions; how negative and positive obligations may be enforced within commonhold and RMC Leasehold developments, both between the body corporate and fiat-owners and between flat-owners inter se\ the levying and status of service charge funds and their commonhold equivalents; how leases and the Commonhold Community Statement may be varied; and the position of the fiat-owners if the body corporate becomes insolvent or a majority wishes to sell for redevelopment. The study concludes that, although the inapplicability of forfeiture can be seen as making the unit-holder more secure, the leaseholder has the advantage, both on insolvency, and where the majority wishes a sale; that it is less likely that an RMC Leasehold development will change its character; and that RMC Leasehold may, therefore, be more appropriate for fiat-owners who prefer to accept the restrictions inherent in a more regulated community.
Supervisor: Sparkes, Peter Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available