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Title: Figured iconography on pottery from Pithekoussai : insights into a local interactive identity
Author: Kosmopoulou, Maria-Eugenia
ISNI:       0000 0004 2746 6812
Awarding Body: King's College London (University of London)
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2010
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The thesis deals with figured iconography on pottery of approximately the second balf of the eighth century BC (the so-called 'Euboean period'), produced at the site ofpjthekoussai on the island oflschia in the Bay of Naples. Ancient testimonia on the origin of the settlers and the history of the site mainly come from Strabo and Livy, both writing in the time of the Emperor Augustus. Strabo (5.4.9) mentions that the site was once inhabited by Eretrians and ChaLcidians, and that the island suffered from volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. Livy (8.22.5-6) says that tbe founders of Cumae' were from Euboean Chalcis: after landing on Aenaria and Pithekoussai, they de.cided to take their chance on tbe mainland. The differences between these accounts may be related to the different sources from wbich each writer drew his information - Strabo from tbe fourth-century historian Ephorus and Livy from Timaeus who was writing at about 300 BC. The study focuses on ~ethodological issues in the study of figured iconography arising from the nature of what may be loosely termed a multi-cultural context. Emphasis is placed on the manner in which distinctive aspects of the Pithekoussan context interact, rather than on treating specific traits as indicative of the presence of nationals of various origins. I This follows a trend in site publication publication towards the avoidance of equating style with the presence of people of various origins.2.In this thesis, we will rather attempt to understand the cultural practice] involved for those experiencing life in a community of mixed origins4 in the bay of Naples. Analysis of the style of locally produced figured pottery will be attempted on three levels. First, its iconography will be analyzed in detail, not merely with the intention of tracing the origins of individual stylistic elements or influences upon them, but to obtain insights into the creativity of artisans operating in a distinctive local context. Secondly, we will attempt to detect elements of a distinctive local identity (and to assess its development from the mid-eighth to the mid-seventh century) via close comparison with schemes from the Aegean, East and West. Finally, we will attempt to contextualize the iconographic programme from Pithekoussai wi-thin the wider spectrum of iconography from the Western world, considering also the social attitudes represented in the manner of use of this type of iconography at Pithekoussai. The aim of the thesis is not to present a complete alternative approach to the Pithekoussan material: this would be unwarranted, given the wide and extensive range of important publications of material from the site. It is rather to highlight the problems involved in the study of material from areas of such intensive cultural interaction.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available