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Title: Fast and accurate spectrum sensing low signal noise ratio environment
Author: Cheraghi, Parisa
ISNI:       0000 0004 2745 5806
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2012
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Opportunistic Spectrum Access (OSA) [1] promises tremendous gain in improving spectral efficiency. The main objective of OSA is to offer the ability of identifying and exploiting the under-utilised spectrum in an instantaneous manner in a wireless device, without any user intrusion. Hence, the initial requirement of any OSA device is the ability to perform spectrum sensing. Local narrow-band spectrum sensing has been quite well investigated in the literature. However, it is realised that existing schemes can hardly meet the requirements of a fast and accurate spectrum sensing particularly in very low signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) range without introducing high complexity to the system. Furthermore, increase in the spectrum utilisation calls for spectrum sensing techniques that adopt an architecture to simultaneously search over multiple frequency sub-bands at a time. However, the literature of sub-band spectrum sensing is rather limited at this time. The main contributions of this thesis is two-fold: • First a clusterd-based differential energy detection for local sensing of multicarrier based system is proposed. The proposed approach can form fast and reliable decision of spectrum availability even in very low SNR environment. The underlying initiative of the proposed scheme is applying order statistics on the clustered differential Energy Spectral Density (ESD) in order to exploit the channel frequency diversity inherent in high data-rate communications. • Second contribution is three-fold : 1) re-defining the objective of the subband level spectrum sensing device to a model estimator, 2) deriving the optimal model selection estimator for sub-band level spectrum sensing for fixed and variable number of users along with a sub-optimal solution based on Bayesian statistical modelling and 3) proposing a practical model selection estimator with relaxed sample size constraint and limited system knowledge for sub-band spectrum sensing applications in Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) systems. The result obtained showed that through exploitation of the channel frequency selectivity the performance of the stat-of-the-art spectrum sensing techniques can be significantly improved. Furthermore, by modelling the sub-band level spectrum sensing through model estimation allows for new spectrum sensing approach. It was proved both analytically and through simulations that the proposed approach have significantly extended to state-of-the-art spectrum sensing.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available