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Title: Cross-layer aided routing design for ad hoc networks
Author: Zuo, Jing
ISNI:       0000 0004 2743 0967
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2013
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In this thesis, we propose a series of cross-layer aided routing algorithms for ad hocnetworks by jointly exploiting the characteristics of the physical layer, of the data link layer and of the network layer, for the sake of improving the network's throughput, while reducing the normalized energy consumption. Since the node mobility in dynamic self organizing ad hoc networks may render the routing information gathered during the route discovery process invalid and hence may disrupt the current data transmission, a fuzzy logic aided technique is incorporated into the routing algorithm for mitigating the influence of imprecise routing information. Both the expected route life time and the number of hops are used as the input parameters of the Fuzzy Logic System (FLS), which outputs the `stability' of a route. Hence, the specific route having the highest route `stability' is finally selected for data transmission. The proposed fuzzy logic based routing outperforms the conventional Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) in terms of the attainable network throughput. Moreover, since near-capacity channel coding aided Multiple Input Multiple- Output (MIMO) schemes allow a single link to communicate using the lowest possible transmit power at a given Frame Error Rate (FER), multi antenna aided routing was proposed for reducing the system's total energy consumption, which relied on a three-stage concatenated transceiver constituted by an Irregular Convolutional Code, Unity-Rate Code and Space-Time Trellis Code (IrCC-URC-STTC) equipped with two antennas. It is demonstrated that in a high-node-density scenario the average energy consumption per information bit and per node becomes about a factor two lower than that in the equivalent Single-Antenna Relay Node (SA-RNs) aided networks. Finally, we further exploit the benefits of cross-layer information exchange, including the knowledge of the FER in the physical layer, the maximum number of retransmissions in the data link layer and the number of RNs in the network layer. Energy-consumption-based Objective Functions (OF) are invoked for calculating the end-to-end energy consumption of each potentially available route for both Traditional Routing (TR) and for Opportunistic Routing (OR), respectively. We also improve the TR and the OR with the aid of efficient Power Allocation (PA) for further reducing the energy consumption. Moreover, two energy-efficient routing algorithms are designed based on Dijkstra's algorithm. The algorithms based on the energy-consumption OF provide the theoretical bounds, which are shown to be close to the bound found by exhaustive search, despite the significantly reduced complexity of the former. Finally,the end-to-end throughput and the end-to-end delay of this system are analyzed theoretically. The simulation results show that our energy-efficient OR outperforms the TR and that their theoretical analysis accurately matches the simulation results.
Supervisor: Hanzo, Lajos Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science