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Title: Artificial intelligence and mathematical models for intelligent management of aircraft data
Author: Knight, Peter Robin
ISNI:       0000 0004 2748 1094
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2012
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Increasingly, large volumes of aircraft data are being recorded in an effort to adapt aircraft maintenance procedures from being time-based towards condition-based techniques. This study uses techniques of artificial intelligence and develops mathematical models to analyse this data to enable improvements to be made in aircraft management, affordability, availability, airworthiness and performance. In addition, it highlights the need to assess the integrity of data before further analysis and presents the benefits of fusing all relevant data sources together. The research effort consists of three separate investigations that were undertaken and brought together in order to provide a unified set of methods aimed at providing a safe, reliable, effective and efficient overall procedure. The three investigations are: 1. The management of helicopter Health Usage Monitoring System (HUMS) Condition Indicators (CIs) and their analysis, using a number of techniques, including adaptive thresholds and clustering. These techniques were applied to millions of CI values from Chinook HUMS data. 2. The identification of fixed-wing turbojet engine performance degradation, using anomaly detection techniques, applied to thousands of in-service engine runs from Tornado aircraft. 3. The creation of models to identify unusual aircraft behaviour, such as uncommanded flight control movements. Two Chinook helicopter systems were modelled and the models were applied to over seven hundred in-service flights. In each case, the existing techniques were directed toward a condition-based maintenance approach, giving improved detection and earlier warning of faults.
Supervisor: Chipperfield, Andrew Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: R Medicine (General) ; TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics