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Title: Assessment and treatment of malignant pleural effusions : visual analogue scale, ultrasound and drainage
Author: Mishra, Eleanor Kate
ISNI:       0000 0004 2746 5879
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2013
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This thesis consists of 3 studies: 1. Determination of the minimal important difference (MID) of the visual analogue scale for dyspnoea (VASD): Determining the MID of the VASD is essential to interpret the results of trials in patients with malignant pleural effusions (MPEs). Patients undergoing a pleural procedure assessed the change in their VASD and the degree of change in their symptoms on a Likert scale. The mean VASD in patients experiencing a ‘small but just worthwhile’ decrease in their symptoms is the MID for the VASD and was found to be 22mm (95% CI 16 - 27mm). 2. Development of a thoracic ultrasound septation score (TUSS): A TUSS is important for objectively assessing the degree of septation within a pleural effusion. An iterative process was used to demonstrate that degree of septation predicts clinical outcome, to identify candidate factors for inclusion in a TUSS and to determine which factors predicted the degree of septation. The final TUSS consisted of an assessment of the degree of homogeneity of septation distribution and number of septations at the most septated area. 3. Effect of an indwelling pleural catheter (IPC) versus standard care for relieving dyspnoea in patients with MPEs: the TIME2 randomised controlled trial (RCT). The objective of this unblinded RCT was to determine whether IPCs are more effective than chest drains and talc pleurodesis at relieving dyspnoea in patients with MPEs. 106 patients were randomised to either IPC or standard care in a 1:1 ratio. The primary outcome was daily VASD over 42 days post intervention. Dyspnoea improved in both groups with no significant difference in mean dyspnoea in the first 42 days (mean score: IPC 25mm (95% CI 19 – 30), standard care 24mm (95% CI 19 – 29)).
Supervisor: Stradling, John; Maskell, Nick Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Respiratory medicine ; pleural effusion ; ultrasound ; visual analogue scale ; dyspnoea