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Title: A probabilistic approach to non-rigid medical image registration
Author: Simpson, Ivor James Alexander
ISNI:       0000 0004 2745 6163
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2012
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Non-rigid image registration is an important tool for analysing morphometric differences in subjects with Alzheimer's disease from structural magnetic resonance images of the brain. This thesis describes a novel probabilistic approach to non-rigid registration of medical images, and explores the benefits of its use in this area of neuroimaging. Many image registration approaches have been developed for neuroimaging. The vast majority suffer from two limitations: Firstly, the trade-off between image fidelity and regularisation requires selection. Secondly, only a point-estimate of the mapping between images is inferred, overlooking the presence of uncertainty in the estimation. This thesis introduces a novel probabilistic non-rigid registration model and inference scheme. This framework allows the inference of the parameters that control the level of regularisation, and data fidelity in a data-driven fashion. To allow greater flexibility, this model is extended to allow the level of data fidelity to vary across space. A benefit of this approach, is that the registration can adapt to anatomical variability and other image acquisition differences. A further advantage of the proposed registration framework is that it provides an estimate of the distribution of probable transformations. Additional novel contributions of this thesis include two proposals for exploiting the estimated registration uncertainty. The first of these estimates a local image smoothing filter, which is based on the registration uncertainty. The second approach incorporates the distribution of transformations into an ensemble learning scheme for statistical prediction. These techniques are integrated into standard frameworks for morphometric analysis, and are demonstrated to improve the ability to distinguish subjects with Alzheimer's disease from healthy controls.
Supervisor: Schnabel, J. A.; Woolrich, M. W. Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Medical Engineering ; Information engineering ; Biomedical engineering ; Image understanding ; Applications and algorithms ; Computing ; Technology and Applied Sciences ; Pattern recognition (statistics) ; Probability ; Neurology ; image registration ; Bayesian inference ; variational Bayesian ; regularisation estimation ; hierarchical models ; registration uncertainty