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Title: The emergence and early fate decisions of stem and progenitor cells in the haematopoietic system
Author: Lutteropp, Michael
ISNI:       0000 0004 2745 3595
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2012
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The alternative road map describes the separation of lympho-myeloid and myeloid-megakaryocyte-erythroid (myeloid-Mk-E) lineages as the earliest haematopoietic commitment event. However, a number of aspects of this lineage restriction process remain poorly understood. Herein this work identified a lympho-myeloid restricted progenitor in the embryo, which resembles the adult LMPP, and demonstrated that lymphoid lineage restriction is initiated prior to definitive haematopoiesis, much earlier than previously appreciated. In vivo fate mapping showed that lympho-myeloid progenitors significantly contribute to steady state myelopoiesis in the embryo. The early thymic progenitor (ETP) as most primitive cell in the thymus was characterised and demonstrated to sustain B, T and myeloid but not Mk potentials at the single cell level. The ETP therefore largely resembles the cellular properties of lympho-myeloid progenitors in bone marrow and foetal liver, which points to these cells as candidate thymus seeding progenitors (TSP). Furthermore the existence of a putative Mk progenitor was explored within the LSKCD150+CD48+Gata1pos compartment of a Gata1 reporter mouse providing the basis for a future prospective characterisation. Finally, this work evaluated the earliest lineage restriction of von Willebrand factor (Vwf)-EGFP+ and EGFP- haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) through in vitro paired daughter fate mapping. Single Vwf+ HSCs showed heterogeneous Mk priming and more frequently sustained Mk potential after cell division. Moreover, analysis of lineage priming between daughter cells revealed the asymmetric expression of key lineage determinants and stem cell regulators, which might be employed as reporters for future fate mapping studies.
Supervisor: Jacobsen, Sten Eirik Sponsor: Medical Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Haematology ; Biology (medical sciences) ; Stem cells (clinical sciences) ; Molecular haematology ; Blood ; Medical Sciences ; Clinical laboratory sciences ; haematopoiesis ; stem cells ; lineage commitment