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Title: Palladium-catalysed heterocycle synthesis
Author: Sadig, Jessie E. R.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2744 9932
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2012
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Chapter 1 is a literature review of selected palladium-catalysed aryl C-N and C-S bond forming reactions. The application of these reactions to the synthesis of heterocycles is also discussed. Chapter 2 highlights the importance of the benzimidazole motif and gives a brief discussion of the existing routes to this scaffold. The utility of N-(o-halophenyl)imidoyl chlorides and imidates as precursors to heterocycles is demonstrated in a palladium-catalysed reaction with N-nucleophiles to afford benzimidazole products. Chapter 3 provides a brief introduction to the synthesis of benzothiazoles and describes efforts towards the use of our established substrates for the preparation of these heterocycles. This is achieved via reaction of N-(o-chlorophenyl)imidoyl chlorides with a sulfur nucleophile in a metal-free process. Chapter 4 is a literature review of palladium-catalysed carbonylation chemistry with specific focus on aminocarbonylation and thiocarbonylation reactions of aryl halides. Heterocycle syntheses which employ such carbonylative methods are also discussed. Chapter 5 describes existing protocols for the synthesis of quinazolinones. A novel palladium-catalysed synthesis of these heterocycles from the reaction of our imidate substrates with an amine and carbon monoxide is described. This further demonstrates their utility as general heterocycle precursors
Supervisor: Willis, Michael C. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Organic chemistry ; Organometallic Chemistry ; palladium ; heterocycles ; catalysis