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Title: The role of polycomb repressive complex 2 in postnatal subventricular zone neural stem/progenitor cell self-renewal and multipotency
Author: Chang, Eun Hyuk
ISNI:       0000 0004 2744 4728
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2012
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The murine subventricular zone (SVZ) in a brain contains a population of stem cells and daily produces tens of thousands of neurons throughout lifetime. However, the mechanisms of SVZ neural stem/progenitor cell (NSPC) maintenance, differentiation and cell-fate specification are still not clear. To understand these parameters via histone methylations with bivalent mechanism, the SVZ NSPCs were first isolated by using a culture technique called neurosphere assay (NSA). It has been a challenge to culture pure cell populations of SVZ subtypes, so the NSA was initially validated. The H3K27me3 mark, which has a dominant role in the bivalent mechanism, has not been studied in postnatal and adult SVZ in vivo, yet their role has been implicated to control the shift of embryonic cortical neurogenesis to gliogenesis. Therefore, we have first investigated whether H3K27me3 marks are present in the postnatal and adult SVZ NSPC population and whether their marks have been changed after stroke or demyelination in central nervous system (CNS) by immunohistrochemistry. With the confirmation of H3K27me3 mark present in SVZ NSPCs, the presence of H3K27me3 catalyzer, called polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) core components (Eed, Ezh2, Suz12) including Jarid2, was investigated and confirmed in postnatal SVZ in vitro by qRT-PCR and Western blot. To understand the role of PRC2 enzymatic activity in postnatal SVZ neurosphere self-renewal and multipotency, Eed was down-regulated by using lentiviral mediated delivery of shRNA. Also, PRC2 dependent or independent function of Jarid2 was examined via knockdown approach. The lack of Eed in the neurospheres resulted the attenuation of self-renewal and oligodendrogenesis, whereas the Jarid2 knockdown neurospheres showed the decreased proliferation with no SVZ NSPC differentiation. Based on these knockdown studies, it suggests Eed and Jarid2 might not share their function in the postnatal SVZ NSPCs to govern postnatal SVZ NSPC self-renewal and multipotency.
Supervisor: Szele, Francis Sponsor: Clarendon Scholarship
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Neuroscience ; Neurogenetics ; Epigenetics ; Neural Stem Cells ; Subventricular zone