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Title: Electrical characterisation of defects in wide bandgap semiconductors
Author: Elsherif, Osama S.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2741 5142
Awarding Body: Sheffield Hallam University
Current Institution: Sheffield Hallam University
Date of Award: 2012
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Defects usually have a very large influence on the semiconductor material properties and hence on fabricated electronic devices. The nature and properties of defects in semiconducting materials can be investigated by applying electrical characterization techniques such as thermal admittance spectroscopy (TAS), deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) and high resolution Laplace-DLTS measurements. This dissertation presents the electrical characterisation of two different wide bandgap semiconducting materials (polycrystalline diamond and GaN) which have both recently attracted a great deal of attention because of their potential applications in the fields of power electronics and optoelectronics. Raman spectroscopy, I-V and C-V measurements were carried out as supporting experiments for the above investigations. The first part of this work focuses on studying the effect of B concentration on the electronic states in polycrystalline diamond thin films grown on silicon by the hot filament chemical vapour deposition method. A combination of high-resolution LDLTS and direct-capture cross-section measurements was used to investigate whether the deep electronic states present in the layers originated from point or extended defects. There was good agreement between data on deep electronic levels obtained from DLTS and TAS experiments. A number of hole traps have been detected; the majority of these levels show an unusual dependence of the DLTS signal on the fill pulse duration which is interpreted as possibly the levels are part of extended defects within the grain boundaries. In contrast, a defect level found in a more highly doped film, with an activation energy of -0.37 eV, exhibited behaviour characteristic of an isolated point defect, which we attribute to B-related centres in the bulk diamond, away from the dislocations. The second part of this thesis presents electrical measurements carried out at temperatures up to 450 K in order to study the electronic states associated with Mg in Mg-doped GaN films grown on sapphire by metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy, and to determine how these are affected by the threading dislocation density (TDD). Two different buffer layer schemes between the film and the sapphire substrate were used, giving rise to different TDDs in the GaN. Admittance spectroscopy of the films finds a single impurity-related acceptor level. It is observed in theses experiments that admittance spectroscopy detects no traps that can be attributed to extended defects, despite the fact that the dislocations are well-known to be active recombination centres. This unexpected finding is discussed in detail.
Supervisor: Evans-Freeman, Jan ; Dharmadasa, I. ; Vernon-Parry, Karen Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available