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Title: A history and various aspects of Polish socialist realism (1949-1954)
Author: Rutecka, Monika Alicja
ISNI:       0000 0004 2747 3481
Awarding Body: University of Kent
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2011
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Socialist Realism in Poland, as an official art form, was short-lived. Modelled on the Soviet example, it was introduced in 1949 by the Polish communist authorities to serve the function of an ideological tool of educating and indoctrinating the society in accordance to the principles of the communist doctrine. However, the images projected by the state to the masses were better thought of not only as images to condition the social ideology of the people and give them aspirations and ideals, but as a mirror in which the socialist state sought to fashion a self-image of sorts. This thesis consists of five chapters, in which various aspects of Polish Socialist Realism, in relation to the Soviet model of this form of art, are analyzed. Chapter one outlines the historical background of Socialist Realism in Poland in the context of historical changes throughout the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s. It includes analysis of the pre-war situation of Polish art, followed by an examination of the Polish national and cultural scene during World War II and the immediate post-war period, leading to the proclamation of Socialist Realism. In the following chapters different themes of Socialist Realism are investigated. Chapter two, for example, looks at different representations of a 'new man' in the context of gender, whilst in chapter three the concept of the 'new man' is analysed through the prism of youth. In chapter four there is an analysis of different forms of visualisation of mass state celebrations both in the Soviet Union and Poland, explaining the techniques of discipline and control used by the communist authorities. The final chapter looks at the theme of the 'enemy of the system' and analyses its imagery.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available