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Title: The role of sense of coherence in mediating the effects of attachment style on subjective wellbeing in late adolescence
Author: Butor-Bhavsar, Kaanan
ISNI:       0000 0004 2746 9853
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2013
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Objectives. Adolescence is an important time in our life span, where decisions made can have a lasting impact on future outcomes. Good subjective wellbeing during adolescence is beneficial in the immediate context but is also likely to enhance future wellbeing. Secure attachment is strongly related to good wellbeing, however the mechanisms through which they are related require further examination. This study examines Antonovsky’s (1979) salutogenic construct of Sense of Coherence as one of the mechanisms of this relationship in the context of late adolescence. Design. A single time point, cross-sectional method was employed, using self-report measures. Methods. School attending adolescents (N=259) aged 16 to 18 completed a set of questionnaires measuring subjective wellbeing, attachment and Antonovsky’s Sense of Coherence, supplemented by items regarding socio-demographic details. Measures of subjective wellbeing included assessment of satisfaction with life, positive affect and negative affect, attachment was measured using a two-factor scale of attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance, and Sense of Coherence was assessed using Antonovsky’s 13-Item Sense of Coherence scale. Results. Examination of indirect effects using Bootstrapping techniques showed that high attachment anxiety and avoidance both predicted low subjective wellbeing partially mediated by a low Sense of Coherence (SOC). For the association between attachment avoidance and subjective wellbeing, the relationship was mediated by SOC only in those with a lower level of attachment anxiety. This was due to the absence of an association between attachment avoidance and Sense of Coherence in individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety. Conclusions. This study adds to our understanding in the field of adolescent wellbeing through examining the relationship between attachment anxiety and avoidance and a tripartite model of subjective wellbeing. Although there are limitations to inference relating to causality using a cross-sectional study, the results do suggest that Sense of Coherence is a mechanism though which attachment style influences wellbeing in this population. The findings have implications for further research directions and applications for Clinical Psychology.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Psych.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available