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Title: Scaffolds for liver tissue engineering : in vitro co-culture & in vivo release
Author: Hammond, John Stotesbury
ISNI:       0000 0004 2745 8345
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2009
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This thesis presents the development and evaluation of two applications for scaffolds in the field of liver tissue engineering. In the first study a poly (D,L lactic acid) (PDLLA) scaffold is used as a three-dimensional template for hepatocyte–hepatic stellate cell (HSC) co-culture. To enhance PDLLA ligand binding capacity scaffolds are surface modified using allylamine plasma deposition and treatment with NaOH. Primary adult rat hepatocytes and HSC are then seeded onto these scaffolds and cultured in static conditions. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is used to assess mono-culture and co-culture morphology whilst synthetic and cytochrome P450 function are measured using albumin and testosterone assays. The second study explores the potential for intrahepatic growth factor and extracellular matrix (ECM) delivery from a biodegradable polymer scaffold to promote liver growth and to enhance regeneration. The study is undertaken in rats. The scaffold design and implantation technique are first piloted in a short survival study. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF)1, FGF2 and liver derived ECM (L-ECM) are then loaded into poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) + 5% poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) scaffolds and implanted into normal and partially hepatectomised liver. Implant morphology is assessed by micro-CT reconstruction. Growth factor bioactivity and release are confirmed by in vitro profiling. Liver growth and volume redistribution are assessed by liver weight analysis. Parenchymal injury and function are quantified by measuring serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) & bilirubin. 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) inclusion & MIB-5 immunohistochemistry (IHC) are used to identify hepatocyte and non-parenchymal cell proliferation. Liver-scaffold interaction is characterised by H&E and Masson’s trichrome staining. Non-parenchymal cell migration is assessed by ED-1 and desmin IHC. All histology is then subjected to image analysis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: WI Digestive system